Indice / Contents
Candidati, eletti e temi del M5S in Toscana: una nuova offerta politica regionale / Candidates, Elected, and Issues of the Five Star Movement in Tuscany: A New Regional Political Supply - Luca Pighini (Univ. Florence)
The 2015 Italian local elections strengthen significantly the presence of the Five Star Movement (M5S) in Tuscany with the entry of new faces into more than 150 council members, including the city of Livorno. Both nationally and locally, the fall of 2014 brought about internal disputes within the political movement, and were followed by the resignation of many Tuscan councilmen and the leaving of many activists. Despite contrasting definitions, the M5S successfully manages this internal unrest and elaborates its political offer for the regional elections. The article wishes to reconstruct this political offer in light of the 2015 regional elections in Tuscany. It specifically analyses the following: the process of selection, the background of candidates, the main issues of the electoral campaign and their results. What are the territories where the M5S was rooted the most? What are the profiles of the elected? What are their political stances? The methodological frame is based on materials collected from the movement's website, media coverage, public initiatives and face-to-face interviews with M5S candidates (elected and not).
La "mobilitazione" personale e la partecipazione alle elezioni regionali in Italia / Personal Mobilization and Participation at the Italian Regional Elections - Domenico Fruncillo (Univ. Salerno)
The decline of voter turnout during regional elections is much greater than at parliamentary elections. According to many scholars, participation in second-order elections – including those for regional institutions – has fallen to a greater extent due to their dependence on a weaker form of mobilisation based on a sense of proximity to political parties and their local organisational structure. In this paper, regional elections are treated as relatively autonomous from other consultations. In fact, alongside more general factors, it is possible to identify specific dynamics which shape the level of voter turnout in regional elections. The principal focus of the paper is on the potential for voter mobilisation expressed by candidates. Political personalisation is analysed with reference to apical figures in the political parties and institutions, as well as other figures that are politically active in intermediate, non-executive roles. Some indicators of "dual personalisation" are identified, the first of which relates to the performance of the presidential candidates, whilst the second involves candidates for the regional assembly. The analysis suggests that the personalisation of presidential elections is positively associated with voter turnout. The paper considers several other factors, which "compete" with political personalisation. Amongst these, a positive association is found between higher levels of electoral participation and the percentage of citizens who participate in the social activities of non-profit-making organisations.
I sistemi elettorali nelle regioni a statuto ordinario: un'analisi comparata / Electoral Systems in the Ordinary Status Regions: A Comparative Analysis - Nicolas Alejandro Cunial and Raffaele Terreo (Univ. Florence)
The goal of this paper is to answer the following question: what are the regional electoral systems in Italy now? After sixteen years of «electoral federalism», the electoral systems used to elect the President and the Regional Council have suffered more than a simple change over the years. Seven indicators are used to compare and contrast each of the systems: the broad family of systems it belongs to (majoritarian; proportional; mixed); the electoral constituencies; the structure of the electoral formula(s); the «second best candidate» clause; the majority prize; the electoral thresholds; the modes of vote's expression. Even though the goals that electoral reforms have set twenty years ago are still valid today – a higher bipolarity degree in the competition; high stability of the regional government; lower party fragmentation – a real progress has not been made towards these matters. The overview that emerges is clear: regions are adopting electoral systems that are more similar with respect to some indicators, and completely different with respect to others. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to clarify how current electoral rules work in the Italian regions, and to highlight the trends of electoral reforms.
Le elezioni nel mondo / Elections in the World - Stefano Rombi (Univ. Cagliari)
Europa / Europe
- Finlandia / Finland
- Grecia / Greece
- Polonia / Poland
- Regno Unito / United Kingdom
Americhe / Americas
- El Salvador
- Messico /Mexico
- Israele / Israel
Turchia / Turkey
Le elezioni in Italia / Elections in Italy - Vincenzo Emanuele and Nicola Maggini (CISE)
Administrative election 2016
Notiziario / Info on Authors and Summaries